Umbrella Revolution Wall 2014

Umbrella Revolution Wall 2014
Admiralty, Umbrella Revolution 2014

Tuesday, February 23, 2010

What's it all about?

"It's about getting through life trying to do as little harm to people as possible," so says Stephen, on the yoga mat, stretching out his broken spine, tired from work.

Me, I ask the question regularly. Years pass and I'm getting in the swing of the life game, but I still wonder, what is it all for really...this rush to money, this struggle with paperwork to cover this or that, this meeting to deal with X or Y. I write this listening to my washing machine churn, using up electricity to wear my clean clothes manufactured in a sweat shop by 12 year old children.

I think I need a holiday...

Sunday, February 21, 2010

Hiking....Discovery Bay, DB, Disco Bay, Bay of Pigs

It was a big hiking weekend. Doong san ha da. I think that's it, more or less, in Korean. Yesterday was a big hike near the ole women's slammer with Anita and Marcel. Keohi played with their kids and we had a great hike followed by a good meal.

Curry, with both cooked fruit, and chopped fresh fruit added--bananas, apples, and pineapple. Delicious. This couple knows how to eat. So of course, yours truly enjoyed herself, as one does around people who enjoy good food.

Now I should add something here, it's not really about cooking good food. You can enjoy good food and share good food and eat good food and not know how to cook it. It's just about eating really and what that means--the ole repast. The zen of tasting something delicious. And yeah folks, washing a mediocre meal down with some great alcohol does not count. I'm talking about good food first...alcohol second.

Anyway, so today was another good hiking day. We went to DB. Keohi made it nearly to the top. It was quite a haul the lil chap made--about 100 steps short of the top, a good 2 hours straight up a steep mountain. Then Stephen, Dad of the Broken Spine and Back Injury, actually hauled him up on his back with the ergo. And then down some and then, we took the wrong turn and found ourselves on the path back to Mui Wo. YIKES. A mere 45 minutes later (a few up and down the mountains with a rapidly diminishing water supply) and we were back on the path, and then another 40 minutes later, found ourselves in DB Plaza.

We ate at Wildfire something. A very mediocre pizza, but nothing like a long hike to make you less picky about what you are eating. And then we hung out in the square as we missed our 3:10, 4:10 ferry, and ended up taking the 6:10. Our hike started a little past 12 noon so it was a long day.

DB is an Orwellian nightmare. For those who don't know. People pay more than 120,000USD for a GOLF CART. THAT IS RIGHT FOLKS. And there are no places to park your bike and biking, I believe from a few signs, is even forbidden in some areas. The center of DB is this god awful mall plaza. People wax on about it but all I can see is a bunch of tables where people take out from 7-11. What's so great about a mall? There's no grass space even by it? Most of the food they serve there is also just plain mediocre, if not bad! Stephen calls DB the place for people who like to pretend they are not living in Asia. Oh-one thing I like about DB. They have relatively clean public restrooms. But they don't even have them in the restaurants. I found it all very depressing. Malls in general, just give me the capitalism blues...do you really need to buy all that stuff? Eat all that bad food? I've heard people dress up to go down to the plaza. Women, that is. Women, dressing for other women, to go down to the mall. I suppose this is really a postmodern shopping fashion phenomenon, but really, what kind of people want to participate in this? Who can be bothered? To add to that, I really didn't even notice any people dressing in a particularly interesting way.
DB is sort of a haven for middle management bourgeois types.

In 1997 I read a few lines about DB in my Lonely Planet Guidebook. I got off the kai-to from Peng Chau for about 10 minutes before taking the ferry again and freaked out when I saw it. I felt like I was in Florida! All I could think of was that I had traveled all the way to HK to see what--THIS? A Western suburb in Asia? Too weird.
People are still in high rises anyway, and the lack of bikes is really ridiculous. There is one section of DB that looks interesting---as you hike from Mui Wo, you pass an old village right on the beach. I guess if I had to live in DB, that's where I'd like to live. You got some garbage around, and it's rather ramshackle, but better that, right on the water, then some high rise with people who ride around in overpriced golf carts. Can't believe people are embarrassed to own one of those things. Why don't they at least allow mopeds if they have to have something motorized?
Besides, after getting driven out by the DB security for my US voter registration drive and being accused of bribery as I was handing out cookies for everyone who voted, I am not fond of the place.

Glad we live in Mui Wo. Give me the three story homes with wires crisscrossing overhead, the faded buildings stained by dirt and mold, the yowling of cats and the rattle of bikes hitting the pavement. I want the ladies in their straw hats collecting trash, the old crazy guy who wanders around the village square, and the random rubber shoe found on the path in front of the patch of spinach and chives. When I bike and see the red light on the shrine from the window, the cow as it weaves along the walkway, I know I am in Mui Wo--imperfect as it is, this is life as it should be.

And hey, any of you Mui Wo people who want to develop the waterfront. Forget about it! Have you ever heard of a decent waterfront development in HK or seen one? If you want that, go live in DB!

Tuesday, February 16, 2010

GRRRRR....Year of the Tiger

We saw The Princess and the Frog with Keohi, his first movie, on Saturday. Stephen's comment before going was this: It took a black president for those Disney people to make a movie with a black princess. It's about time! It's actually pretty incredible if you think about it. They had a Native American, Persian, and Chinese princess (Pocohantas, Jasmine, Mulan), but it took Obama to get a black southern girl princess for little girls to see on the big screen.

Keohi liked it. Admittedly, he wanted to walk out when we got there. The trailer did not match the level of the movie and scared him (the be quiet, don't listen to your mobile phone trailer they show before every movie) plus the adult boring trailers. This is HK though, so I'm guess we were lucky that they did not show bullet ridden bodies strewn all over the car window as a preview. Anyway, movie was loud and then the voodoo guy (Keohi referred to him as The Pirate) did scare him a bit, but after it was over, he cried. He wanted to go back in. It was an intense adrenaline rush for him and then BAM it's over. He's had that reaction a few times when he's watched things that are longer--once Finding Nemo, and once, the pig show video. He's withdrawal makes me see how powerful cinema can be--and how addictive.

Other stuff-- we welcomed it in with our old neighbors, now a village away (I made quiche, pasta, broccoli salad, basil tomatoes, brownies and shortbread). And then later that afternoon, watched Keohi ride like mad around the village square. He crashed into the table, then fell again a minute later, but he's off! Zooming around like a mad MOTORBIKE MAN (as he calls himself)!

On a spontaneous whim, all three of us hiked up to my friend's in the mountains and ate some killer dumplings. Homemade dumpling skins. Delicious. I confess, I once ate 25 dumplings in one sitting at Kathline's. Really...they are that good.

And to celebrate the New Year, Keohi got a new bigger bike seat on the back of his mama's bike. He was crunched up on the old one. He's nearly 3. Incredible. And the past 3 years of my life have aged me about 10. This procreation stuff really takes a toll on the ole body. I got them crow's feet now, those laugh lines, those permanent bags from lack of sleep...not to mention the swirls around my abdomen. Yes, I should not have eaten 2 pints of Ben and Jerry's ice cream in one go during pregnancy, nor should I have gotten into the bad habit of baking a dozen scones and consuming them all, but pregnancy was a fat free-for-all for this gal. I gained nearly half my body weight!

Have a great year!

Sunday, February 14, 2010

Keohi Rides a Bike

Training wheels off today! Wow--he zoomed all around Tai Tei Tong Square on his green and black bike! Age 2, turning 3 in another 10 days. My son, the Mui Wo village boy....

Thursday, February 11, 2010

Keohi and television

Isabella: Where is your TV? You don't have a TV.

Keohi: I have TV.

Isabella: Where is the TV?

Keohi: I have TV. I watch the Pig Show. (The Beatrix Potter Tale of Pigling Bland)

Isabella: You have TV?

Keohi: I have TV. I have the Pig Show.


Ahhh...it has begun. The comparisons and how X has Y or you don't have Z...

But it took a good 8 days to purge the TV video watching. That machine is addictive. The show would end and he would ask for more. He even cried he was so disappointed it was over. We let him watch The Pig Show on the weekends several times, so he then asked Stephen, as if associating his father with the ability to watch the show.

So we had a cold turkey thing going here. It's been about 3 weeks now, but it took a good 8-10 days for him to stop asking at all. Now, TV is like it used to be--not really in existence for him.

In December, we were busy packing and moving, so my TV strict parenting stuff slipped. Keohi watched a snowman video twice, Charlie Brown Xmas twice (poor choice on my part, he now goes around calling people STUPID which I am trying to change to him yelling STUPOR--as in, one is in stupor...), and the 2 DVDs each contains 3 Beatrix Potter 20 minute episodes. The Pigling Bland one he's seen at least 6 times and the other DVD about 3. Plus he went to people's homes and instead now of being the village bath guy, trying to take baths in everyone's homes because he didn't have a tub, he now notes that people have big TVs.

I noticed watching a show, even a basic kid's animal show that the clips and edits are extremely fast. Sure, it's an animal show, but the quick way that it is cut is designed to foster and cater to the low attention span thinker. They don't follow the animal for a length of time but flash back and forth to different shots of animals. What good is that?

I remember a former colleague of mine noting that over the years, the reading assignments were getting shorter and shorter as students were unable to maintain attention spans and were demanding entertainment. They couldn't SIT and read an hour or two because it required too much concentration.

THANKS TV.

We got one for our house though--it's one of those 19 inch ones or something, and actually I found myself telling Stephen maybe we should have gotten a bigger one (when I first saw it I thought he bought a new computer screen). But yeah, now thinking, best to do as my parents' household did, which is make television as unattractive as possible. The one TV we have now is our first new TV we've ever had that was not a freebie.

MY TV HISTORY


I watched The Wizard of Oz in black and white and had no idea it was in color until I was much older. The ole family Zenith TV finally died when I was 15. My mother always refused to get a better TV. Childhood TV--Captain Kangaroo in the AM, Jack Lalane exercise with mom, much later a bit of Sesame Street in Seoul, Korea, although by the time I saw it, I was too old to enjoy it that much. Electric Company in 2nd grade. Again, that was a little young-ish for me, but I liked seeing the Asian girl on it. Then there were some odd kids shows on the weekends growing up in addition to the usual Sat AM cartoons, reruns of Gilligans Island, I dream of Jeannie, and Bewitched. PM TV was The Brady Bunch, The Partridge Family, and Love Boat, Fantasy Island--later. My mom always said that I never seemed that interested in TV, I liked books more. In retrospect, I watched plenty of TV. Brainwashed, I was. Don't even get me started on ethnic representation on TV. Growing up Asian and only seeing white people on TV?
On ads, in posters etc? Don't get me started. At least here, Keohi sees both.


High School--no time to watch TV. Never watched it at boarding school. Ever. One TV per dorm available in dirty dorm common room in the basement.

I've never watched an American Super Bowl. Ever. The only sports I've watched--some Olympics, but not all years, and soccer world cup, mostly beginning here in 2002 with KOREA HOSTING. Yeah. That was fun.

I went through watching TV later as an adult again though, but mostly I found TV was a sign of depression. Watch TV and you feel depressed. Watch TV and you feel you need more. In my adult life, the times I watched TV were when I was most depressed. If you're in a good mood, why bother zoning out?

Anyway, so Stephen and I together had the TV that my grandma had, a color one, after she died. Then we had a TV that we got free from HSBC -- we even dragged this one back to the US. Sold it at our moving garage sale. On a more amusing note, our friend tried to swap us his big TV for our small TV as his flat was so small, but we wanted the small one. Yes, there are some people who DO NOT WANT big TVs, and its not just us, but people we know. Incidentally, this friend READS LITERATURE. BOOKS. I talk to him about IDEAS. A sane person here in HK. Not many here of that nature.

Then finally, we got this really big flat screen number that came with our house rental here in Mui Wo. But by then I was so behind with tech stuff I could barely work the controls and only managed to just get the TV on for a bit of Olympics and Obama watching. LEarning TV control stuff is just too stressful.

Our new TV from Mr. Mok's shop sits in Stephen's study....very nice Philips TV.

Hey there--come on over and we can squint at the screen together...

Thursday, February 4, 2010

Nestle Boycott

While I have admittedly eaten some Nestle products since beginning avoidance, or boycott of the company in 1983, my personal consumption of Nestle products is much lower than it used to be. I began my boycott after learning about Nestle's involvement in baby formula in Africa and their aggressive marketing tactics in many non-Western nations. I actually used a Nestle number credit card (back in those days, this was possible) to make numerous long distance phone calls on Nestle's dime--or so my pal told me. I'd say looking back, that was probably not the brightest thing to do--who knows whose number it was...and word on the activist vine can sometimes be fraught with, well, incorrect facts. I think the phone calls were mostly to try to figure out a way to set up a tipi on Nantucket Island (my grand plans to live in a tipi were dashed, very difficult to find 18 foot plus poles).

Flash forward:

I would say that on average, I consume about one Nestle item every other year. This does not include if I happen to be at someone's home and they have used Nestle milk in tea. So it may be a little higher. I'd say about one quart of milk products a year? My boycott is of a more personal nature. At this stage, I find it tiresome to discuss this with people, particularly those who are supposedly educated and aware of the nefarious tendrils of big corporations. And I will freely admit that I did buy a Nestle chocolate drumstick cone yesterday at the Big Buddha when I went with my son. A rare event, to offset his discussion about going to visit Old Macdonald's on the waterfront earlier. (Another institution I have not even bothered to boycott because I just can't stand the food and the smell makes me feel nauseous). But overall, I have tried to minimize my association with Nestle in any way possible, although their presence here in HK is ubiquitous.

This is some basic Wikipedia information:


Nestlé boycott
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


The Nestlé boycott is a boycott launched on July 4, 1977, in the United States against the Swiss based Nestlé corporation. It spread quickly throughout the United States, and expanded into Europe in the early 1980s.[1] It was prompted by concern about the company's marketing of breast milk substitutes (infant formula), particularly in less economically developed countries (LEDCs), which campaigners claim contributes to the unnecessary death and suffering of babies, largely among the poor.[2] Among the campaigners, Professor Derek Jelliffe and his wife Patrice, who had contributed to establish the World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action (WABA), were particularly instrumental in helping to coordinate the boycott and giving it ample visibility throughout the world.
Contents


* 1 The baby milk issue
* 2 History of the boycott
* 3 Current status of the boycott
* 4 Boycott in the media
* 5 Other Nestlé operations targeted
* 6 See also
* 7 References
* 8 External links

[edit] The baby milk issue

Groups such as the International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN), and Save the Children claim that the promotion of infant formula over breast-feeding has led to health problems and deaths among infants in less economically developed countries.[3][4] There are three problems that are said to arise when poor mothers in Third World countries switch to formula:

* Formula must normally be mixed with water, which is often contaminated in poor countries, leading to disease in vulnerable infants. [5] Because of the high illiteracy rates in developing nations many mothers are not aware of the sanitation methods needed in the preparation of bottles. Even mothers that can understand the sanitation required do not have the means to perform it. UNICEF estimates that a non-breastfed child living in disease-ridden and unhygienic conditions is between six and 25 times more likely to die of diarrhea and four times more likely to die of pneumonia than a breastfed child.[6]

* Many poor mothers use less formula powder than is necessary, in order to make a container of formula last longer. As a result, some infants receive inadequate nutrition from weak solutions of formula.[7]

* Breast milk has many natural benefits lacking in formula. Nutrients and antibodies are passed to the baby while hormones are released into the mother's body.[8] Breast-fed babies are protected, in varying degrees, from a number of illnesses, including diarrhea, bacterial meningitis, gastroenteritis, ear infection, and respiratory infection.[9][10][11] Breast milk contains the right amount of the nutrients that are essential for neuronal (brain and nerve) development. [12] The bond between baby and mother can be strengthened during breastfeeding.[10] Frequent and exclusive breastfeeding can also delay the return of fertility, which can help women in developing countries to space their births.[13] The World Health Organization recommends that, in the majority of cases, babies should be exclusively breast fed for the first six months.[14]

Advocacy groups and charities have accused Nestlé of unethical methods of promoting infant formula over breast-milk to poor mothers in third world countries.[15][16] For example, IBFAN claim that Nestlé supports the distribution of free powdered formula samples to hospitals and maternity wards; after leaving the hospital, the formula is no longer free, but because the supplementation has interfered with lactation the family must continue to buy the formula. IBFAN also allege that Nestlé uses "humanitarian aid" to create markets, does not label its products in a language appropriate to the country where they are sold, and offers gifts and sponsorship to influence health workers to promote its products.[17] Nestlé denies these allegations. [18]
[edit] History of the boycott

Nestlé's perceived marketing strategy was first written about in New Internationalist magazine in 1973 and in a booklet called The Baby Killer, published by the British non-governmental organization War On Want in 1974. Nestlé attempted to sue the publisher of a German-language translation (Third World Action Group) for libel. After a two-year trial, the court found in favour of Nestlé because they could not be held responsible for the infant deaths 'in terms of criminal law'. [19] However, because the Defendants were only fined 300 Swiss Francs, and that Judge Jürg Sollberger commented that Nestlé "must modify its publicity methods fundamentally", TIME magazine declared this a "moral victory" for the defendants. [20]

The widespread publicity led to the launch of the boycott in Minneapolis, USA, by the Infant Formula Action Coalition (INFACT) and this boycott soon spread to Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and Europe. In May 1978, the US Senate held a public hearing into the promotion of breast-milk substitutes in developing countries and joined calls for a Marketing Code. In 1979, WHO and UNICEF hosted an international meeting which called for the development of an international code of marketing, as well as action on other fronts to improve infant and young child feeding practices. The International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN) was formed by six of the campaigning groups at this meeting. [16]

In 1981, the 34th World Health Assembly (WHA) adopted Resolution WHA34.22 which includes the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes. The Code covers infant formula and other milk products, foods and beverages, when marketed or otherwise represented to be suitable as a partial or total replacement of breast-milk. It bans the promotion of breast-milk substitutes and gives health workers the responsibility of advising parents. It limits manufacturing companies to the provision of scientific and factual information to health workers and sets out labeling requirements.[21]

In 1984, boycott coordinators met with Nestlé, which agreed to implement the code, and the boycott was officially suspended. However, in 1988 IBFAN alleged that baby-milk companies were flooding health facilities in the developing world with free and low-cost supplies, and the boycott was relaunched the following year [5]

In May 1999 a ruling against Nestlé was issued by the UK Advertising Standards Authority (ASA). Nestlé claimed in an anti-boycott advertisement that it markets infant formula “ethically and responsibly”. The ASA found that Nestlé could not support this nor other claims in the face of evidence provided by the campaigning group Baby Milk Action.[22]

In November 2000 the European Parliament invited IBFAN, UNICEF and Nestlé to present evidence to a Public Hearing before the Development and Cooperation Committee. Evidence was presented by the IBFAN group from Pakistan and UNICEF's legal officer commented on Nestlé's failure to bring its policies into line with the World Health Assembly Resolutions. Nestlé declined an invitation to attend, claiming scheduling conflicts, although it sent a representative of the auditing company it had commissioned to produce a report on its Pakistan operation.[23][24][25]
[edit] Current status of the boycott
Ambox outdated serious.svg
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As of 2009, the boycott is coordinated by the International Nestlé Boycott Committee, the secretariat for which is the UK group Baby Milk Action [26]. Company practices are monitored by the International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN), which consists of more than 200 groups in over 100 countries.

In parallel with the boycott, campaigners work for implementation of the Code and Resolutions in legislation and claim that 60 countries have now introduced laws implementing most or all of the provisions.[27]

Many[quantify] European universities, colleges and schools have banned the sale of Nestlé products from their shops and vending machines. In the United Kingdom, 73 Student Unions, 102 businesses, 30 faith groups, 20 health groups, 33 consumer groups, 18 local authorities, 12 trade unions, education groups, 31 MPs, and many celebrities support the boycott.[28][29]

Nestlé claims that it is in full compliance with the International Code.[30] According to their CEO, Peter Brabeck-Letmathe, "we also carry out annual audits on WHO Code compliance with a sample of Nestlé companies, and we investigate any substantiated claims made by those who believe we have broken the Code.... If we find that the Code has been deliberately violated, we take disciplinary action."[31] The company maintains that many of the allegations are unsubstantiated, out-of-date, or use IBFAN's own non-standard interpretation of the Code. [18]
[edit] Boycott in the media

An episode of the TV show The Mark Thomas Product made by the British Channel Four in 1999 investigated the boycott and Nestlé's practices concerning baby milk. Mark Thomas attempted to find evidence for claims against Nestlé and to speak to heads of the company. In one portion of the show he "received a tin of baby milk from Mozambique. All instructions are in English. 33 languages and dialects are recognised in Mozambique. Portuguese is the official language. However, only about 30% of the population can speak it. English is usually the second language for people in Mozambique. [32]

In 2001, comedian Robert Newman and actress Emma Thompson called for a boycott of the Perrier Comedy Award, because Perrier was owned by Nestlé.[33] An alternative competition called the Tap Water Awards was set up the following year.[34]

In 2002, authors Germaine Greer and Jim Crace withdrew from the Hay Festival in protest over Nestlé's sponsorship of the event.[35]

A 2007 article in The Guardian highlighted aggressive marketing practices by Nestlé in Bangladesh.[5]
[edit] Other Nestlé operations targeted

Nestlé is sometimes targeted for other aspects of its operations. A Brazilian group called Cidadãos pelas Águas (Citizens for Water) has called a boycott of Nestlé in Brazil over the company's extraction of water from an aquifer in São Lourenço. Some also boycott Nestlé coffee and chocolate products in favour of fair trade alternatives. However, Partners Blend coffee, launched by Nestlé during 2005, has obtained Fairtrade labelling status. Baby Milk Action has also condemned this development.[36]

In the Philippines, there exists a Boycott Nestlé campaign due to suspected labor rights violations in a factory in Laguna province.[37] This campaign is led by Kilusang Mayo Uno.
[edit] See also

* International Baby Food Action Network

[edit] References

1. ^ GEOGRAPHYContemporary news article that describes interest in the boycott and Nestles losses for 1980
2. ^ Campaigners website stating their claims
3. ^ "What is the problem?". IBFAN. http://www.ibfan.org/site2005/Pages/article.php?art_id=23&iui=1. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
4. ^ A Generation On: Baby milk marketing still putting children’s lives at risk Save the Children report, May 2007 (pdf).
5. ^ a b c Milking it Joanna Moorhead, The Guardian, May 15 2007
6. ^ "Infant and Young Child Feeding and Care". UNICEF. http://www.unicef.org/nutrition/index_breastfeeding.html. Retrieved 2007-06-08.
7. ^ World Concern website describes mother's needing to dilute formula
8. ^ "Breastfeeding". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/. Retrieved 2007-01-23.
9. ^ Gartner LM, et al. (2005). "Breastfeeding and the use of human milk". Pediatrics 115 (2): 496–506. doi:10.1542/peds.2004-2491. PMID 15687461. http://aappolicy.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/pediatrics;115/2/496.
10. ^ a b "Benefits of Breastfeeding". U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.4woman.gov/breastfeeding/index.cfm?page=227. Retrieved 2007-01-23.
11. ^ "Gastroenteritis". Merck Manuals Online Medical Library. 1 February 2003. Retrieved 21 November 2006.
12. ^ Atkinson, S; Bo Lönnerdal (1989). Proteins and non-protein nitrogens in human milk. CRC Press. pp. 131. ISBN 0849367956.
13. ^ "Comparison of Effectiveness". Planned Parenthood. April 2005. http://www.plannedparenthood.org/birth-control-pregnancy/birth-control/effectiveness.htm. Retrieved 2006-08-12. , which cites:
:Hatcher, RA; Trussel J, Stewart F, et al. (2000). Contraceptive Technology (18th ed.). New York: Ardent Media. ISBN 0-9664902-6-6.
14. ^ World Health Organization, "Global strategy for infant and young child feeding," section titled "EXERCISING OTHER FEEDING OPTIONS" 24 November 2001
15. ^ Nestle Products to Boycott
16. ^ a b History of the campaign Baby Milk Action Group
17. ^ "How breastfeeding is undermined". IBFAN. http://www.ibfan.org/english/issue/bfundermined01.html. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
18. ^ a b "Who Code Violation Allegations". Nestlé. http://www.babymilk.nestle.com/Who+Code+Issues/Allegations/. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
19. ^ Sethi, S. Prakash (1994). "Multinational Corporations and the Impact of Public Advocacy on Corporate Strategy: Nestle and the Infant Formula Controversy". Journal of International Business Studies 25 (3): 658–660. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0047-2506(199433)25%3A3%3C658%3AMCATIO%3E2.0.CO%3B2-8.
20. ^ The Formula Flap TIME Magazine, Jul. 12, 1976
21. ^ "The International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes" (PDF). WHO. 1981. http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/code_english.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
22. ^ Ferriman, Annabel (13 February 1999). "Advertising Standards Authority finds against Nestlé". BMJ: 318:417. PMID 9974443. http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/318/7181/417/a.
23. ^ Breast Feeding Promotion Network of India (November 22, 2000). "European Parliament public hearing on Nestlé's baby food marketing" (PDF). Press release. http://www.bpni.org/Press_Releases/pr-nov.22,2000.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-08.
24. ^ Baby Milk Action (November 23, 2000). "MEPs shocked as Nestlé and Adidas snub Public Hearing on corporate responsibility". Press release. http://www.ibfan.org/english/news/press/press23nov00.html. Retrieved 2007-06-08.
25. ^ "European Parliament Committee on Development". Nestlé. http://www.babymilk.nestle.com/News/All+Countries/Other/European+Parliament+Committee+on+Development.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
26. ^ Baby Milk Action
27. ^ "The role of regulations in protecting infant health". IBFAN. http://www.ibfan.org/site2005/Pages/article.php?art_id=310&iui=1. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
28. ^ accessdate = 2009-11-07 "UK groups endorsing the boycott". Baby Milk Action. http://www.babymilkaction.org/pages/endorsers.html#education accessdate = 2009-11-07.
29. ^ An example of one such ban Council of the Oxford University Student Union, 9th June 2006
30. ^ "The "International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes"". Nestlé. http://www.babymilk.nestle.com/Who+Code+Issues/Nestle+Code+Compliance/Nestle+code+compliance.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
31. ^ "Foreword by Peter Brabeck". Nestlé. http://www.babymilk.nestle.com/Developping+World/Foreword/. Retrieved 2007-06-11.
32. ^ Website for the Mark Thomas Product TV show
33. ^ Scott, Kirsty (August 27, 2001). "Spoof horror writer wins £5,000 Perrier award: Fringe comedy contest soured by baby milk protests". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/edinburghfestival2001/story/0,,543033,00.html. Retrieved 2007-06-11.
34. ^ "The Tap Water Awards". http://www.tapwaterawards.org/. Retrieved 2007-06-11.
35. ^ "Writers boycott literary festival". BBC News. 27 May 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/2010324.stm. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
36. ^ Baby Milk Action (October 6, 2005). "Fairtrade mark and infant health could be damaged by Nestlé application warn campaigners". Press release. http://www.babymilkaction.org/press/press6oct05.html. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
37. ^ Campaign for labor rights website

[edit] External links

* International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN)
* Baby Milk Action
* Nestlé marketing profile, from Breaking the Rules Stretching the Rules, IBFAN, 2004
* Edinburgh University Néstle Boycott Campaign
* Nestlé's response to the baby milk issue

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nestl%C3%A9_boycott"
Categories: Boycotts of organizations | Consumer boycotts | Breastfeeding advocacy | Nestlé
Hidden categories: Wikipedia articles in need of updating | All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements from December 2008
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